Personality traits and psychosocial adjustment in patients with limb amputation

Total views: 65 | Open access Open Access



psychosocial adjustment, limb loss, coping, amputation, personality traits


Purpose: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial adjustment and personality traits since research regarding psychosocial adjustment and variables that influence adjustment in patients with limb amputation is relatively scarce.

Methods: There were 63 (81% male) participants in this study. The sample consisted of 51 men and 12 women between the ages of 27 and 86 (M = 56.63, SD = 13.35). The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI 2; Soto & John, 2017) was used to assess personality traits and The Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales – Revised (TAPES-R; Gallagher & MacLachlan, 2000) was used to measure psychosocial adjustment (general adjustment, social adjustment and adjustment to limitation).

Results: Extraversion was positively and negative emotionality negatively associated with general adjustment. No significant associations were found between social adjustment and personality traits. Extraversion, agreeableness and open-mindedness correlated positively with adjustment to limitation. Similar pattern of associations was found between personality facets and general adjustment and adjustment to limitation. The strongest associations were found with negative emotionality facet depression.

Conclusions: Results indicate that personality traits are associated with psychosocial adjustment in patients with limb amputation. Since this finding can be useful for adaptation to amputation, further research in larger samples is needed.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Anglim, J., & O’Connor, P. (2019). Measurement and research using the Big Five, HEXA-CO, and narrow traits: A primer for re-searchers and practitioners. Australian Journal of Psychology, 71(1), 16-25. DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12202 DOI:

Anglim, J., Horwood, S., Smillie, L. D., Marrero, R. J., & Wood, J. K. (2020). Predicting psychological and subjective well-being from personality: A meta-analysis. Psycho-logical Bulletin, 146(4), 279–323. DOI:

Behel, J. M., Rybarczyk, B., Elliott, T. R., Nicho-las, J. J., &Nyenhuis, D. (2002). The role of perceived vulnerability in adjustment to lower extremity amputation: A preliminary investigation. Rehabilitation Psychology, 47(1), 92-105. DOI:

Connor-Smith, J. K., & Flachsbart, C. (2007). Relations between personality and coping: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93(6), 1080-1107. DOI:

Danner, D., Lechner, C. M., Soto, C. J., & John, O. P. (2021). Modelling the incremental value of personality facets: The domains-incremental facets-acquiescence bi factor show model. European Journal of Person-ality, 35(1), 67-84. DOI:

Desmond, D. M., & MacLachlan, M. (2006). Coping strategies as predictors of psycho-social adaptation in a sample of elderly veterans with acquired lower limb amputa-tions. Social Science & Medicine, 62(1), 208-216. DOI:

Gallagher, P., Desmond, D., & MacLachlan, M. (2008). Psychoprosthetics. Springer. DOI:

Gallagher, P., & MacLachlan, M. (2000). Devel-opment and psychometric evaluation of the Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Ex-perience Scales (TAPES). Rehabilitation Psychology, 45(2), 130-154. DOI:

Horgan, O., & MacLachlan, M. (2004). Psycho-social adjustment to lower-limb amputa-tion: a review. Disability and Rehabilita-tion, 26(14-15), 837-850. DOI:

Klinge, K., Chamberlain, D. J., Redden, M., & King, L. (2009). Psychological adjust-ments made by postburn injury patients: an integrative literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(11), 2274-2292. DOI:

Kovač, I., Mužić, V., Abramović, M., Vuletić, Z., Vukić, T., Ištvanović, N., Živković, O., Kauzlarić, N, & Livaković, B. (2015). Re-habilitacija osoba s amputacijom donjih udova – smjernice za klinički rad u Hrvat-skoj [Rehabilitation of lower limb ampu-tees – Guidelines for clinical work in Croa-tia]. Fizikalna i rehabilitacijska medicina, 27 (3-4), 183-211.

Mõttus, R., Wood, D., Condon, D. M., Back, M. D., Baumert, A., Costantini, G., Epskamp, S., Greiff, S., Johnson, W., Lukaszewski, A., Murray, A., Revelle, W., Wright, A. G. C., Yarkoni, T., Ziegler, M., & Zimmer-mann, J. (2020). Descriptive, predictive and explanatory personality research: Dif-ferent goals, different approaches, but a shared need to move beyond the Big Few traits. European Journal of Personality, 34(6), 1175–1201. DOI:

Oshio, A., Taku, K., Hirano, M., & Saeed, G. (2018). Resilience and Big Five personali-ty traits: A meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 127, 54-60. DOI:

Pavlić, M., Kramarić, M., & Butković, A. (2021). Self- and other-reported creativity and its association with personality in a cappella singers. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativi-ty, and the Arts. Advance online publica-tion. DOI:

Pedras, S., Vilhena, E., Carvalho, R., & Pereira, M. G. (2018). Psychosocial adjustment to a lower limb amputation ten months after surgery. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(3), 418-430. DOI:

Rybarczyk, B. D., Nyenhuis, D. L., Nicholas, J. J., Schulz, R., Alioto, R. J., & Blair, C. (1992). Social discomfort and depression in a sample of adults with leg amputations. Ar-chives of Physical Medicine and Rehabili-tation, 73(12), 1169-1173.

Sahu, A., Sagar, R., Sarkar, S., & Sagar, S. (2016). Psychological effects of amputation: A re-view of studies from India. Industrial Psy-chiatry Journal, 25(1), 4-10. doi: 10.4103/0972-6748.196041 DOI:

Shukla, G. D., Sahu, S. C., Tripathi, R. P., & Gup-ta, D. K. (1982). A psychiatric study of amputees. The British Journal of Psychia-try, 141(1), 50-53. DOI:

Soto, C. J., & John, O. P. (2017). The next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and assessing a hierarchical model with 15 fac-ets to enhance bandwidth, fidelity, and pre-dictive power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113, 117-143. DOI:

Srivastava, K., Saldanha, D., Chaudhury, S., Ry-ali, V. S. S. R., Goyal, S., Bhattacharyya, D., & Basannar, D. (2010). A study of psy-chological correlates after amputation. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 66(4), 367-373. DOI:



How to Cite

Grgurinović, V., & Butković, A. (2023). Personality traits and psychosocial adjustment in patients with limb amputation. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, 2(1), 1–8.



Psychological Research

Share this article